The Financial Stability Board’s Task Force on Climate-Related Financial Disclosure (“TCFD”), an industry-led group formed at the request of the G20, and the Climate Disclosure Standards Board (“CDSB”) announced today at TCFD’s first U.S. Scenario Analysis Conference the launch of the TCFD Knowledge Hub (“Hub”). The Hub is an online platform with peer-to-peer resources to assist organizations in implementing TCFD’s recommendations to public companies on the use of scenario analysis to disclose climate-related risks and opportunities. Our prior posts describing TCFD’s recommendations can be found here and here. The Hub can be accessed at tcfdhub.org. Over 250 organizations have expressed their support for TCFD as of April 2018. Continue Reading
The Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB) released this Monday its draft standards for Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) disclosure, launching a 90-day public comment period which ends on December 31, 2017. These standards set forth ESG topics covering 11 different sectors and 79 industries for public companies to disclose annually.
The draft standards, over four years in the making, were created by SASB working groups open to the public, including registrants, investors and service providers to public companies. The 90-day public comment period provides registrants and other stakeholders another opportunity to shape these disclosure frameworks before they are finalized. This opportunity is important as certain observers expect these standards will have some meaningful uptake. Continue Reading
The Financial Stability Board’s Task Force on Climate-Related Financial Disclosure (“TCFD”), an industry-led group formed at the request of the G20, released yesterday its Final Recommendations Report for “voluntary” climate-related financial disclosure. The TCFD’s mandate is to ensure sufficient climate risk disclosure is available to avoid catastrophic financial market disruption due to climate change impacts.
Why Important? While a variety of climate change disclosure frameworks already exist, such as those of SASB, GRI and CDP, as noted in our previous post summarizing the TCFD’s December 2016 draft recommendations, these recommendations are particularly relevant because of the FSB’s status as an international body founded by the G7 which coordinates national financial authorities and international standard-setting bodies, including the U.S. Continue Reading
SEC Chair nominee Jay Clayton’s March 23rd hearing before the Senate Banking Committee covered much of the expected ground. In a series of responses designed to avoid controversy, Clayton repeatedly returned to the three core mandates of the SEC – capital formation, investor protection and efficient markets – as touchstones for his future leadership of the Commission, should he be confirmed. Beyond these general areas, Clayton offered few specifics or signals as to how he might steer the Commission during his term as Chair. He did, however, discuss concerns about growing companies finding the U.S. public markets unattractive due to the burdens of being a public company. Continue Reading
In its annual stewardship report covering 2015, State Street Global Advisors (SSGA) indicated that it had voted at 15,471 meetings in 81 countries. The investor voted against management proposals 12% of the time and in favor of shareholder proposals 14% of the time.
In light of the difficulty for passive index managers that are invested in thousands of companies globally to actively oversee their holdings, SSGA develops an annual stewardship program based on its strategic priorities by focusing on specific sectors and environmental, social and governance (ESG) themes. For 2015, SSGA’s sector focus led them to engage with 48 pharmaceuticals and 95 consumer discretionary companies. Continue Reading
Ceres, an environmental nonprofit organization, released this week an SEC Sustainability Disclosure Search Tool. This tool, available here, is the next step in Ceres’s campaign for increased, and more transparent and comparable, climate change and other sustainability disclosure. (See prior blog posts on this topic available here, here, and here.
The search tool allows registered users to access summary reports which reproduce the climate change, carbon asset risk, hydraulic fracking and water disclosure filed with the SEC by 5,300 public companies, spanning various industries (such as Banks & Financial Services, Mining and Oil & Gas) and indices (S&P 500, Russell 3000 and FT Global 500). Continue Reading
A global trade association of 64 stock exchanges, the World Federation of Exchanges (WFG), has recommended that its member exchanges voluntarily incorporate a set of 34 ESG factors into listed company disclosure standards.
The WFG, which includes the NYSE and NASDAQ, highlights 34 key performance indicators that the group believes demonstrate the best sustainability practices, such as energy consumption, water management, CEO pay ratio, gender diversity, human rights, child and forced labor, temporary worker rate, corruption and anti-bribery, tax transparency, supplier code of conduct and codes of ethics. The purpose and methodology is explained here and the full list of indicators is set forth here. Continue Reading
In recent years, there has been an increasing amount of attention paid to climate change, both in the media and on the part of “green groups” such as Sierra Club, and regulators in the U.S. and other countries have proposed or finalized rules intended to limit greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and ozone-depleting substances. These regulations affect various industries, including coal and oil and gas, as well as industries reliant upon them, such as the power generation and auto industries.
In addition, certain countries, including the U.S., China, India and Brazil, have made public pronouncements of ambitious plans to reduce carbon emissions during the next few decades. Continue Reading
Late last week, BlackRock and Ceres released a detailed investor guide (the “Guide”) outlining various strategies and questions for engaging effectively with companies on environmental, social and governance (“ESG”) risks.
The Guide includes short articles from nearly 30 different institutional investors (including BlackRock, CalPERS, CalSTRS, T. Rowe Price and Breckinridge Capital Advisors) describing their priorities and strategies they use to engage with companies across different asset classes, both internationally and domestically, on ESG matters.
The Guide also includes sector-by-sector questions for investors and Wall Street analysts to ask, including during stock calls, with companies in the following nine industries: (i) Oil, Gas and Mining, (ii) Banking and Finance, (iii) Insurance, (iv) Information Technology, (v) Electric Utilities, (vi) Apparel and Retail, (vii) Transportation, (viii) Food and Beverage and (ix) Healthcare and Pharmaceuticals. Continue Reading
Greenpeace International, WWF International and the Center for International Environmental Law sent letters to executives and directors of 32 major oil, gas and energy companies, warning them that they may ultimately face personal liability related to climate change issues.
According to the NGOs, the targeted companies are “working to defeat action on climate change and clean energy by funding climate denial and disseminating false or misleading information on climate risks.” Beyond this general yet inflammatory allegation, there are no specific examples or references cited other than a list of news stories and other publications about corporate influence and “lobbying” activities. Continue Reading
A group of investors representing over $13 trillion in assets and led by Ceres’s Investor Network on Climate Risk recently submitted recommendations to various global stock exchanges for a uniform mandatory stock exchange standard on corporate environmental, social and governance (ESG) reporting. These recommendations follow Ceres’s April 2013 consultation paper on this topic. The investors recommend exchanges consider adopting, and capturing in a global listing rule, the following three company requirements:
- First: Listed companies are to disclose in their annual financial filings a “materiality” assessment where management will discuss its approach to determining what ESG issues are material to their companies.
Ceres, a leading sustainability nonprofit representing institutional investors with over $11 trillion in assets under management, is calling again on the SEC and registrants to do more to improve climate change disclosure in SEC filings. Dissatisfied with the SEC’s perceived lack of follow-through on its own February 2010 Climate Change Disclosure Guidance, Ceres released a report earlier this month, Cool Response: The SEC & Corporate Climate Change Reporting – SEC Climate Guidance & S&P 500 Reporting – 2010 to 2013, directing the SEC to prioritize climate change disclosure by issuing more comment letters to companies with “inadequate” disclosure. Ceres cites the SEC’s three climate change comments from 2012 to 2013 out of the thousands it issued each year as evidence of the SEC’s poor enforcement of its 2010 disclosure guidance, which Ceres spent several years petitioning the SEC to adopt. Continue Reading
A coalition of over 70 international investors has sent letters to 45 of the world’s top oil & gas, coal and electric power companies requesting that the companies assess and disclose potential reduced demand for their products or services due to current and probable future greenhouse gas reduction policies and/or the physical impacts of climate change. This campaign, the Carbon Asset Risk Initiative (or CARI) led by Ceres and the Carbon Tracker Initiative, is yet another institutional investor and not-for-profit campaign seeking to highlight risks inherent in carbon-intensive industries with the ultimate goal of moving toward renewable energy. CARI’s main target appears to be oil & gas companies, particularly those with holdings in the carbon-intensive Canadian oil sands. Continue Reading
Following up on our earlier report, yet another group is determined to require public companies to disclose sustainability issues in SEC filings. The Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB) held a conference recently to discuss its standard-setting process. While its name invokes an immediate similarity to FASB, SASB has no official designation, although its advisory council includes an impressive list of industry, sustainability and financial professionals affiliated with Deutsche Bank, ISS, J.P. Morgan, Goldman Sachs, Morgan Stanley, BlackRock, AllianceBernstein, CalPERS, Ernst & Young, PwC and McKinsey, among others.
After being informed by the SEC of its reluctance to consider a separate line item requirement for environmental, social and governance (ESG) disclosure because of differences among industry sectors, SASB has begun drafting, and plans to adopt by the second quarter of 2015, ESG disclosure standards for 88 different industries in 10 sectors: (i) health care; (ii) financials; (iii) technology & communications; (iv) non-renewable resources; (v) transportation; (vi) services; (vii) resource transformation; (viii) consumption; (ix) renewable resources & alternative energy; and (x) infrastructure. Continue Reading