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Key Sustainability Standard Setters Converge to Promote Consistency in Corporate Sustainability Reporting

Five framework- and standard-setting institutions announced a joint statement on September 11, 2020 reflecting their collaborative vision to develop a comprehensive global corporate reporting system for disclosing sustainability topics such as climate change, biodiversity, wages and skills. The participants include the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI), CDP (formerly the Carbon Disclosure Project), Climate Disclosure Standards Board (CDSB), International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC) and Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB).
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ESG Disclosure Frameworks – Recent Updates

Updates in the past two months to voluntary ESG disclosure frameworks raise questions for companies about these overlapping and arguably competing standards.

GRI Launches Sector-Specific Disclosure Framework

On July 8, 2020, the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) published an initial draft of a standard for ESG disclosures for the oil & gas industry. The draft, open for public comment until October 6, 2020, marks the first sector-specific ESG disclosure framework created by GRI, which, unlike the Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB), has before now provided only a uniform framework for all industries.
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Legal Liability for ESG Disclosures – Investor Pressure, State of Play and Practical Recommendations

Davis Polk ESG co-heads, Joseph A. Hall and Betty M. Huber, and Katherine J. Brennan and Connor Kuratek of Marsh & McLennan Companies are authors of the 13th edition of The International Comparative Legal Guide: Corporate Governance 2020: Legal Liability for ESG Disclosures – Investor Pressure, State of Play and Practical Recommendations, the second chapter in the guide.
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Department of Labor Proposes Investment Duties Rule Affecting ESG Investments

The U.S. Department of Labor issued a proposed rule on June 23, 2020 to clarify how and when ERISA fiduciaries can select and monitor plan investments based on environmental, social or corporate governance (“ESG”) and similar objectives.

  • Who is subject?

The proposed rule would apply to fiduciaries of private-sector retirement plans, such as company-sponsored defined benefit pension plans and 401(k) plans.
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SEC Urged to Mandate Disclosures on COVID-19 Risks and Responses

On June 15, 2020, Americans for Financial Reform (AFR), a nonprofit coalition founded in the wake of the 2008 financial crisis, called on the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to require public companies to disclose how they are protecting employees from coronavirus (COVID-19), citing that consistent, comprehensive information is critical to investors and public health.

Although the SEC Division of Corporate Finance issued Staff Guidance in March 2020 providing companies with its views on COVID-19 disclosures, followed by a joint statement on COVID-19 disclosures in April 2020 by SEC Chairman Clayton and Corp Fin Director Hinman which statement recommended that companies “provide as much information as is practicable” about how they are responding to the pandemic, AFR claims that these efforts were only one step in the right direction.
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SEC Asset Management Advisory Subcommittee Provides Report on ESG Practices in Asset Management Space

Earlier today, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) held an open virtual meeting with the Asset Management Advisory Committee to discuss the impact of the coronavirus (“COVID-19”) and, in particular, to hear updates and recommendations from its subcommittee on ESG (the “ESG Subcommittee”).  The ESG Subcommittee provided an overview of its current areas of research, which has taken the form of five separate workstreams. 
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World Economic Forum Pledges to Stand By Stakeholders in the COVID-19 Era

The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has posed unprecedented health risks and has led to global economic disruptions. The World Economic Forum (WEF), an international organization that fosters public-private cooperation on global, regional and industry agendas, released this month the “Stakeholder Principles in the COVID Era” (Stakeholder Principles) as part of its COVID Action Platform and called businesses to action stating that, during this time of crisis, “[t]he business community’s contribution: [is] to be leaders of responsiveness and stewards of resilience.”
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BlackRock Releases Its 2020 Public Company Engagement Priorities

While managing COVID-19 related risks and impacts may be the current priority for many public companies, BlackRock provided a reminder yesterday that environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues will form a core part of its engagement strategy this proxy season.  Publishing its investment stewardship team’s public company engagement priorities for 2020 (Priorities), BlackRock stressed, among other things, that it intends to hold board directors accountable for demonstrating “material progress” on ESG-related disclosures and practices.
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EU Publishes Final Taxonomy Report to Support its Sustainable Finance Regulations

Last week, the European Commission’s Technical Expert Group on Sustainable Finance (TEG) published its final report along with a technical annex setting forth its recommendations regarding the design and implementation of a unified classification system, known as EU Taxonomy, which will define what economic activities are considered environmentally sustainable under the EU’s sustainable finance regulations.  The final report is the result of a nearly two year long process conducted at the direction of the European Commission to assist in the implementation of the Taxonomy regulation. 
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SEC Chairman Releases Statement on Proposed Changes to Financial Reporting and Discusses Climate-Related Disclosure

Today, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC” or “Commission”) voted to propose amendments to certain financial disclosure requirements under Regulation S-K, specifically those requirements related to Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (MD&A).  In addition to these proposed amendments, the SEC issued guidance for registrants to consider when using metrics and key performance indicators in their MD&A disclosures. 
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SEC Chairman Clayton Testifies Before Senate Banking Committee

On Tuesday, December 10, 2019, Chairman Jay Clayton testified before the Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs (Committee) on the “Oversight of the Securities and Exchange Commission.” After Committee Chairman Mike Crapo delivered his opening remarks, which were supportive of the agency, Chairman Clayton gave an overview of the agency’s initiatives over the past year.
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Davis Polk Client Memo: Human Capital and Climate Risk Disclosure – Analysis of 2019 Mandatory and Voluntary Reporting

To help guide public companies in preparing their annual reports and proxy statements for the 2020 season, we examined the climate change and human capital management disclosures that have been provided by the largest public companies in six industries. A key finding is that to date 10-Ks and proxy statements have generally contained only disclosures that are required by law.
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What Risk Trends in 2020 Should Be on Directors and Officers’ Radar Screens?

Last week, a global insurance company identified what it believes are the risk trends in 2020 that “have significant implications” to directors and officers (D&Os). The firm’s perspective provides a window into the types of trends insurers and underwriters are watching.

1. “Bad news” events resulting in more litigation

The insurer notes that there has been a rise in nonfinancial-based claims against D&Os stemming from what the firm calls “bad news” events, such as cybersecurity attacks, toxic culture (i.e.,
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Davis Polk Client Alert: Chamber of Commerce Releases Best Practices for Voluntary ESG Disclosure

The U.S. Chamber of Commerce released this month a set of ESG voluntary reporting best practices. By releasing its best practice guide, the Chamber makes clear that it believes further regulatory requirements mandating ESG disclosures are not warranted. A departure from a one-size-fits-all approach, the best practices guide asserts that each company should have the discretion to determine which ESG factors and related metrics are relevant to it without necessarily being tied to the various third-party frameworks and standards currently in existence.
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SEC Investor Advisory Committee Panel on ESG – Data, Disclosure and Materiality

Last Thursday, the SEC’s Investor Advisory Committee (IAC) held an open meeting, which included a session to discuss investor use of environmental, social and governance (ESG) data in their investment and capital allocation decisions. During this session, the IAC heard insights from and asked questions of a panel consisting primarily of ESG-focused investors, as well as one academic.
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Next SEC Investor Advisory Group Meeting–How Are Investors Using ESG Data?

Earlier this week, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) announced that its Investor Advisory Committee (IAC) will be holding a meeting on Thursday, November 7, 2019, at 9:30 a.m. E.T. The agenda includes a morning discussion on whether and how investors use environmental, social and governance (ESG) data in their investment and capital allocation decisions. The agenda and press release provide no further details on the session topic other than the panelist list provided below.
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SEC Commissioners Testify Before House Financial Services Committee on ESG, Proxy and Other Topics

On Tuesday, September 24, 2019, SEC Chairman Jay Clayton, along with Commissioners Jackson, Lee, Peirce and Roisman, testified before the House Financial Services Committee (Committee) in a hearing titled “Oversight of the Securities and Exchange Commission, Wall Street’s Cop on the Block.” Chairwoman Maxine Waters observed that the last time all the SEC Commissioners had been before the Committee was over a decade ago, in 2007.
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ISS Ratings and Data Now Available on Open:FactSet Marketplace

ISS ESG, the responsible investment arm of ISS, is now offering its ESG data on FactSet’s Open:FactSet Marketplace. ISS ESG is the umbrella entity that consists of ISS-ethix, which focuses on responsible investment issues and related screens, ISS-climate, which provides climate data, analytics and services to financial market participants and ISS-oekom, which provides ESG research and ratings, including ISS’s Governance QualityScore and E&S Disclosure QualityScore. 
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ESG in the US: Current State of Play and Key Considerations for Issuers

Davis Polk recently contributed a chapter to The International Comparative Legal Guide: Corporate Governance 2019 titled ESG in the US: Current State of Play and Key Considerations for Issuers. With the growing importance of environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues to public companies and their investors, this chapter aims to provide insights on the current ESG landscape – from the voting policies and ESG investing platforms of top asset managers to the dizzying array of ESG disclosure regimes and third-party raters.
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U.S. House Financial Services Committee Hearing on ESG Disclosure

In a House Financial Services Committee hearing yesterday, committee members debated the merits of five draft bills that would require public companies to disclose information on several environmental, social and governance, or ESG, topics including climate change risk, political expenditures and human rights risk. Hosted by the Subcommittee on Investor Protection, Entrepreneurship and Capital Markets, the hearing included witnesses representing CalPERS, Global Reporting Initiative (GRI), Ceres, Decatur Capital Management, an investment management firm, and Patomak Global Partners, a consulting firm for which former SEC Commissioner Paul Atkins serves as CEO.
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Principles for Responsible Banking Gain Support of First Large U.S. Bank

Last week, Citi announced its support of the Principles for Responsible Banking (the Principles), joining a list of banks from around the world that have committed to becoming signatories. The Principles were developed by a group of 28 banks, jointly representing more than $17 trillion in assets, on behalf of the wider United Nations Environment Programme Initiative (UNEP FI).
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Investor Letter Campaign Calls for More Equity Pay Transparency

An announcement issued today states that an institutional investor group representing over $1.6 trillion in assets under management has launched a letter campaign calling for companies to provide more disclosure on workplace equity policies and practices relating to gender, race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, and other federally protected classes. The signatories believe that this type of information is material to investors and seek “more accurate assessments of the scope and depth of a company’s programs, its performance relative to peers, and improvement trends over time.”
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CFTC Holds a Public Meeting to Address Climate-Related Financial Risks

The Commodity Futures Trading Commission’s (CFTC) Market Risk Advisory Committee (MRAC) held a public meeting yesterday focusing on climate-related financial risks. The meeting featured presentations by regulators, market participants and academics.

Opening Statements

CFTC Commissioner Rostin Behnam, the sponsor of MRAC, stressed the economic costs of natural disasters in his opening remarks, also noting that climate change affects several parts of the U.S.
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Potential Legislation on HCM Reporting and Stock Buybacks

Earlier in the week, a subcommittee of the House Financial Services Committee held a hearing on four draft bills that, if enacted, would impact corporate reporting, and more. Proponents of these bills contend that the disclosure will “provide more information to help investors make decisions based on long-term economic growth.”

What Were the Topics?

1. Mandatory HCM Reporting.
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